Sunday, June 5, 2011

Flowchart schematic diagram for the Control Circuit of a Forward Reverse Direct On Line (DOL) Electric Motor Controller - A how to learn skills training guide for electric motor controller

To help facilitate for a better understanding and further learning and training on the concept of the reversible Direct On Line (DOL) control circuit (ckt) covered in our previous article, a flowchart diagram is presented below as a follow up learning guide which shows a schematic representation of the sequence of operation for the starting and stopping and running operation of a reversible DOL electric motor control circuit in order to provide a visual aid to help diagrammatically visualize how the control circuit flows.


The electrical schematic diagram of a DOL electric motor control (ckt) circuit:
DOL forward reverse motor control circuit
DOL forward reverse motor control circuit 
The parts of the DOL electric motor control (ckt) circuit includes:
  1. Stop push button switch (Normally-Close Contact) - 1 piece
  2. Forward push button switch (Normally-Open Contact) - 1 piece
  3. Reverse push button switch (Normally-Open Contact) - 1 piece
  4. Magnetic contactor coils (for forward contactor and reverse contactor) - 2 units
  5. Forward contactor auxiliary contact (Normally-Open Contact) - 1 piece
  6. Forward contactor auxiliary contact (Normally-Close Contact) - 1 piece
  7. Reverse contactor auxiliary contact (Normally-Open Contact) - 1 piece
  8. Reverse contactor auxiliary contact (Normally-Close Contact) - 1 piece
  9. Thermal Overload Relay Contact - 1 piece
The flowchart diagram of the DOL electric motor control (ckt) circuit:
(Open in New Window)



Procedural sequence to learn about the method of operation of the DOL electric motor control (ckt) circuit:

  1. RUN MODE: Depending on the choice of the motor rotational direction, the operator presses the forward or the reverse push button switch. With the stop push button switch and the thermal overload contact remained close at OFF state, then power flows down to the selected forward or reverse main contactor coil.
  2. When any of the forward or the reverse contactor coil is energized, its auxiliary contact connected in parallel across the forward or the reverse push button switch closes which serves as a holding contact to maintain the forward or the reverse contactor coil energized after the operator releases his finger from any of the push button switches.
  3. STOP MODE: The operator presses the stop push button switch. This action disconnects the control circuit from the power source which prevents power flow to all energized contactor coils as a result of the opening of the normally-close contact of the OFF push button switch.
  4. CIRCUIT INTERRUPTION: The thermal overload relay detects motor overload current, which when detected will activate the thermal switch to open its normally-close contact to isolate power flow to all energized coils in the circuit, thus, deactivating the control (ckt) circuit.

Related post:



Did you enjoy reading this post, then consider subscribing by Email to Technovation - Technological Innovation and Advanced Industrial Control Technologies

E arn while you learn to become an Electrician Apprentice!

D iscover the method of harnessing the most powerful and most efficient way to generate natural, clean electricity!

A lternatively, discover how to power your home with Solar and Wind Energy!

Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...

ShareThis

Useful Further Reading Resources

Lijit Ad Wijit